The Basset Hound was first bred in France as a companion dog for small game. They have a keen and powerful sense of smell, second only to the Bloodhound. The structure of their body helps to keep the smell they got longer. Basset Hounds can look somber all the time due to their drooping coat, but they make for some of the most affectionate and friendly pets out there.
Physical Characteristics of the Basset Hound
Bloodhounds are easy to spot; Their bodies elongated with short legs; For sagging, sagging skin, especially on the face and neck; Their large, well-proportioned head with long noses and ears hanging low on the side of the head. You don't have to guess what kind of dog you're dealing with; The Basset Hound has a look all its own.
Basset hound size
On average, the size of this breed is around 30 to 38 cm, while females can range from 28 to 36 cm. Its weight can range from 20 to 29 kilograms.
Despite their short legs and small appearance, Basset Hounds have a long body that, when tilted upwards, can easily reach places even some large breed dogs cannot.
The Basset Hound's head has an overall medium-sized appearance. With a domed skull and flat sides and no cheekbones. Its head has a long snout. His skin is so saggy and loose that there are multiple wrinkles across his eyebrows and neck.
Basset hounds have an elongated torso and, despite their appearance, reinforce large bone structures. They have long, curvy tails that stand upright so they're always easy to spot.
Basset Hound Personality
Speaking of the Basset Hound personality, they are personable and friendly despite originally being gun dogs. These dogs get along well with other pets and people. They are naturally well mannered but due to their intelligence some can be stubborn while training.
These canine companions are sweet and devoted to their owners. You are very energetic. Their hunting background is deeply embedded in their personality, so even with training you will find them scouting or following a trail.
One of the things to keep in mind is that Basset Hounds bark loudly and dig eagerly. Despite this, these dogs are well behaved indoors and will usually sleep next to you.
Ejercicio Basset Hound
This breed doesn't require as much activity as other dogs. Long daily walks are perfect for them as they are not made for a lot of walking. Basset Hounds like to explore their surroundings and get lost in whatever scent catches their eye. Their daily walk is important as they tend to be overweight.
Basset Hounds are highly intelligent and intuitive. This makes them somewhat stubborn and difficult to manage when trained. It takes a patient owner to get the best out of them. Fun side note: Basset Hounds are food-motivated dogs, so creative training with a treat or two as a reward is most effective.
Train them early so they get used to their leash and minimize their barking. Although they are friendly by nature, training them to socialize better with other dogs and pets helps. This ensures that they don't get stressed as easily when confronted with an unfamiliar situation or environment.
Bassets do well with short, consistent training sessions. They need to assert themselves and be consistent in order for them to learn the lessons better. They generally need positive affirmation and love from their owners and are sure to be beaming with joy and pride.
History of the Basset Hound
Basset hounds have a long history. They were originally bred in France to help hunt small game like rabbits. Its name derives from the French word "bas" which means short and when combined with the suffix "-et" results in "fairly short", which corresponds to the dog's body size.
They're an ancient breed descended directly from the Bloodhound, and they smell almost as good as they do. They are usually compared to the appearance of St Hubert Hounds.
Their breed dates back to the 15th century and they first appeared at a Paris dog show in 1863. French nobility often bred basset hounds, although they were also hunting companions for the common man.
In the 1870s their popularity grew in England and a breeding program for them began. The American Kennel Club first recognized the Basset Hound breed in 1885, and the Basset Hound Club of America was formed in 1935. Its history is long and generations have celebrated the breed.
Basset Hound Health Issues
As with any breed, your dog's constitution can make it prone to certain types of health problems. Here are some of the most common health issues a Basset Hound can have:
Canine thrombopathy is an intrinsic platelet disorder passed through genes. It is common in the Spitz and Basset Hound breeds. Symptoms include persistent and excessive bleeding from minor cuts, bruising on the skin, iron deficiency, and visible blood in the stool or urine. The best way to avoid this health problem is to not breed a Basset Hound that carries the RASGRP1 gene. There is no known cure or treatment for this condition other than careful monitoring and surveillance.
Seborrhea is a skin disease resulting from excessive keratinization or keratinization of the epidermis, leading to increased flaking and sebum production. There are two types of seborrhea: the primary one is an inherited skin condition and the other is secondary seborrhea where it is a symptom or the result of another or underlying disease.
If a dog is diagnosed with seborrhea some of the most important things to check are if they have abnormal heat cycles, heat seeking behavior, excessive urination, extreme thirst and if there is any visible skin infection. Treatment for seborrhea aims to make your dog more comfortable, and if he has secondary seborrhea it is best to treat the underlying condition first so the dog can make a full recovery.
Disc disease is common in older dogs because it is a degenerative disease. However, certain breeds are prone to it despite their young age. One of them is the basset hound. IVDD occurs when the disc that cushions the spinal cord and its movements become impaired. It creates friction and decreases the disc's shock absorbing ability, leading to various problems in the spinal cord. When this happens, the consequences are immobility and pain.
Diagnosis consists of a neurological examination, and treatment for IVDD depends on the severity of the dog's current condition. This can be therapy, medication or surgery.
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Wobbler syndrome is a common neck condition in larger breeds, but smaller dogs like the Basset Hound can also get it. Clinical signs of this syndrome are heavy hind limbs, which if left untreated can also affect the front limbs, weakness, neck pain, loss of muscle mass in the hind limbs and shoulders, difficulty standing up and clawing of the toenails of the feet and lack of gait coordination.
Diagnosis consists of standard tests, visualization, radiographs, CT scan, MRI, and myelography. Treatment can be medical or surgical, depending on the results of the examination.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes severe pain or even blindness. In addition, this condition causes the accumulation of fluids in the eye, creating immense pressure. There are two types of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma and narrow-angle glaucoma. The first is the gradual development of blind spots and is usually painless. Angle-closure glaucoma causes sudden, severe pain. Symptoms of glaucoma include red eyes, excessive tearing, cloudy cornea, sensitivity to light, fluttering eyelids, swollen eyes, and blurred vision.
Early detection is crucial for dogs with glaucoma. The vet performs tests and treatments through medication, cyclocryotherapy or surgery.
ectropion and entropion
This is a condition where the eyelids roll inward, causing friction or abrasion on the cornea. It is painful and can severely affect the dog's vision. If you notice your dog producing excessive tears, squinting, and keeping their eyes closed most of the time, see your veterinarian immediately. The treatment of ectropion and entropion is surgical correction.
elbow dysplasiaIt is a disease that causes abnormalities in the growth of the elbow joints. It occurs when the bones don't fit together perfectly, leading to extreme pain, fragility, and the development of joint problems. Symptoms appear at a young age and there are several treatment options to help dogs with elbow dysplasia.
Panosteitis, also called "growing pains," is inflammation of the shaft of one or more long bones in the legs, typically seen in young, rapidly growing dogs. It causes extreme pain and lameness. It can appear several times until they are two years old, and then usually goes away on its own. The cause of this disease is still unknown.
Diagnosis is mainly by radiographs and standard examinations. Treatment includes medications for pain and inflammation.
Obesity is when your dog accumulates too much fat and accumulates on his body. This condition can have an impactany dog breed. Obesity makes dogs susceptible to disease and can shorten their lifespan. Although not a life-threatening disease, it can become one if obesity is left untreated.
To find out if your Basset Hound is overweight, do the rib test and the stand test. You can also do your scheduled check-up and consult your veterinarian about your pet's ideal weight.
How to care for a Basset Hound
Basset Hounds like fairly low maintenance. They don't need a lot of exercise or activity, and if they stay indoors they'll relax next to someone. Bassets have the characteristics of a hunter and a laid-back family pet. So, depending on their environment and how you've trained them, you'll find two funny sides to this dog.
It's best to keep food out of his reach when it's not his mealtime. Basset Hounds are happiest when surrounded by family and receiving lots of love from them.
Basset Hounds Diet and Feeding
If you want to ensure your Basset Hound is in top condition then this is recommendedPrioritize your diet. They are prone to obesity so it is imperative to ensure they are eating healthy and balanced meals at all times.
In general, it is recommended that you feed your Basset Hound 1.5 to 3 cups of a good quality dog food daily, depending on the size and age of your Basset Hound. You can split it up and feed it two to three times a day. These dogs are foodies, so it's important to be strict about feeding them. Don't let their sad faces fool you.
Basset Hound Coat Color and Grooming
Similar aBeaglesBasset hounds have a short, soft coat that is usually two- or three-colored. Available colors are black, tan and white. Of course, other colors are also rare.
Their coats are easy to care for and do not require daily bathing. Brushing his coat from time to time will keep his shedding to a minimum. This breed drools, so cleaning them is recommended. Their long ears and droopy fur can also be a breeding ground for bacterial growth, so keep an eye outthey cleanTwo to three times a week is recommended.
children and other pets
You will have no problem having a Basset Hound around children or other pets. They are friendly and sociable by nature, they would even prefer to have a family around them.
If you are planning on getting your own Basset Hound, you should consider adopting one from rescue groups in your area. Despite being purebred dogs, there are still many that need homes.
The Basset Hound Club of America is an organization formed to preserve and promote the Basset Hound dog breed. They have a list of reputable rescue groups that you can check out.
The American Kennel Club and the Basset Hound Club of America are two well-known breed organizations that have all the information and support for this breed.
More about the Basset Hound dog breed
Here are some fun facts about Basset Hounds:
- Marilyn Monroe owned a basset hound named Hugo.
- Basset Hounds are famous for being trade dogs.
- Jason, a basset hound, was used for the logo of shoe brand Hush Puppies.
- In 2011, Victoria, a basset hound, was elected co-mayor of Concord, Ontario.
- They are not good swimmers due to their long bodies and short legs.
Whether you're looking for a calm, low-maintenance family dog or a powerful hunting companion, consider bringing a Basset Hound into your home. Their sad and innocent faces along with their wonderful personalities will instantly capture your heart. That's probably why many celebrities bought them.